All individual numbers are from the SEC provided Financial Statement and Notes Data Sets. No guarantee is made for their accuracy. This report only shows the values that are common to a significant number of companies.
AMERICAN AXLE & MANUFACTURING HOLDINGS INC: Last Reported 5/31/2020

Business Address

ONE DAUCH DRIVE

DETROIT, MI US 48211-1198

Mailing Address

ONE DAUCH DRIVE

DETROIT, MI US 48211-1198
Phone Number: 313-758-3600 / State Incorporated: DE / Fiscal Year End 12/31

Balance Sheet

Date 3/31/2020 12/31/2019 9/30/2019 6/30/2019 3/31/2019 12/31/2018 9/30/2018 6/30/2018 3/31/2018 12/31/2017 9/30/2017 6/30/2017 3/31/2017 12/31/2016 9/30/2016 6/30/2016 3/31/2016 12/31/2015 9/30/2015 6/30/2015 3/31/2015 12/31/2014 9/30/2014 6/30/2014 3/31/2014 12/31/2013 9/30/2013 6/30/2013 3/31/2013 12/31/2012 9/30/2012 6/30/2012 3/31/2012 12/31/2011 9/30/2011 6/30/2011 3/31/2011 12/31/2010 9/30/2010 6/30/2010 3/31/2010 12/31/2009 12/31/2008
Cash and Cash Equivalents $682,700,000.00 $532,000,000.00 $375,100,000.00 $248,800,000.00 $252,100,000.00 $476,400,000.00 $439,400,000.00 $353,200,000.00 $340,700,000.00 $376,800,000.00 $549,600,000.00 $490,600,000.00 $1,543,400,000.00 $481,200,000.00 $433,900,000.00 $388,400,000.00 $262,000,000.00 $282,500,000.00 $365,600,000.00 $301,300,000.00 $205,700,000.00 $249,200,000.00 $219,000,000.00 $219,000,000.00 $79,600,000.00 $154,000,000.00 $118,600,000.00 $78,900,000.00 $100,800,000.00 $62,400,000.00 $209,000,000.00 $85,200,000.00 $112,800,000.00 $169,200,000.00 $114,400,000.00 $250,300,000.00 $217,400,000.00 $244,600,000.00 -- -- -- $178,100,000.00 $198,800,000.00
Accounts Receivable Net Current -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Inventory $394,500,000.00 $373,600,000.00 $403,100,000.00 $459,900,000.00 $452,500,000.00 $459,700,000.00 $443,600,000.00 $426,400,000.00 $403,300,000.00 $392,000,000.00 $396,600,000.00 $384,500,000.00 $221,600,000.00 $219,500,000.00 $219,400,000.00 $226,900,000.00 $229,700,000.00 $230,500,000.00 $233,000,000.00 $237,900,000.00 $238,500,000.00 $248,800,000.00 $249,200,000.00 $255,700,000.00 $258,000,000.00 $261,800,000.00 $251,500,000.00 $233,200,000.00 $240,600,000.00 $224,300,000.00 $242,300,000.00 $208,500,000.00 $203,000,000.00 $177,200,000.00 -- -- -- $130,300,000.00 -- -- -- -- --
Prepaid Expenses and Other Current Assets $171,200,000.00 $136,800,000.00 $130,900,000.00 $130,000,000.00 $132,200,000.00 $127,200,000.00 $143,600,000.00 $121,800,000.00 $172,900,000.00 $140,300,000.00 $144,500,000.00 $142,900,000.00 $106,000,000.00 $75,800,000.00 $82,900,000.00 $77,400,000.00 $79,400,000.00 $72,100,000.00 $114,700,000.00 $113,900,000.00 $111,800,000.00 $108,800,000.00 $108,500,000.00 $114,000,000.00 $116,400,000.00 $123,500,000.00 $124,700,000.00 $120,600,000.00 $128,400,000.00 $122,000,000.00 $105,500,000.00 $93,700,000.00 $89,800,000.00 $83,400,000.00 -- -- -- $72,600,000.00 -- -- -- -- --
Total Current Assets $2,043,100,000.00 $1,857,800,000.00 $2,198,200,000.00 $1,976,700,000.00 $2,038,900,000.00 $2,029,800,000.00 $2,298,400,000.00 $2,155,000,000.00 $2,155,100,000.00 $1,945,000,000.00 $2,212,700,000.00 $2,144,100,000.00 $2,573,500,000.00 $1,336,500,000.00 $1,419,900,000.00 $1,334,400,000.00 $1,215,000,000.00 $1,124,200,000.00 $1,354,600,000.00 $1,292,000,000.00 $1,224,000,000.00 $1,139,500,000.00 $1,176,900,000.00 $1,146,800,000.00 $1,108,100,000.00 $997,800,000.00 $1,091,700,000.00 $992,200,000.00 $1,005,100,000.00 $872,100,000.00 $1,022,100,000.00 $861,600,000.00 $906,700,000.00 $763,100,000.00 -- -- -- $602,100,000.00 -- -- -- -- --
Property Plant and Equipement $2,275,200,000.00 $2,358,400,000.00 $2,326,400,000.00 $2,544,400,000.00 $2,537,600,000.00 $2,514,400,000.00 $2,467,900,000.00 $2,459,300,000.00 $2,491,900,000.00 $2,402,900,000.00 $2,302,700,000.00 $2,209,300,000.00 $1,143,000,000.00 $1,093,700,000.00 $1,080,400,000.00 $1,080,700,000.00 $1,063,500,000.00 $1,046,200,000.00 $1,024,400,000.00 $1,041,500,000.00 $1,040,000,000.00 $1,061,100,000.00 $1,066,700,000.00 $1,077,000,000.00 $1,067,600,000.00 $1,058,500,000.00 $1,041,800,000.00 $1,036,800,000.00 $1,043,500,000.00 $1,009,700,000.00 $1,007,600,000.00 $990,300,000.00 $998,100,000.00 $971,200,000.00 -- -- -- $936,300,000.00 -- -- -- -- --
Intangible Assets Net $842,800,000.00 $864,500,000.00 $881,500,000.00 $1,063,100,000.00 $1,087,500,000.00 $1,111,100,000.00 $1,135,200,000.00 $1,159,800,000.00 $1,188,800,000.00 $1,212,500,000.00 $1,236,600,000.00 $1,281,100,000.00 -- $28,500,000.00 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Goodwill $181,100,000.00 $699,100,000.00 $1,127,500,000.00 $1,140,900,000.00 $1,138,300,000.00 $1,141,800,000.00 $1,633,000,000.00 $1,631,700,000.00 $1,669,100,000.00 $1,654,300,000.00 $1,654,600,000.00 $1,610,800,000.00 $233,800,000.00 $154,000,000.00 $154,400,000.00 $154,400,000.00 $154,700,000.00 $154,400,000.00 $154,500,000.00 $154,600,000.00 $154,300,000.00 $155,000,000.00 $155,600,000.00 $156,200,000.00 $156,400,000.00 $156,400,000.00 $156,500,000.00 $156,200,000.00 $156,400,000.00 $156,400,000.00 $156,300,000.00 $155,900,000.00 $156,300,000.00 $155,900,000.00 -- -- -- $155,800,000.00 -- -- -- $147,800,000.00 --
Other Assets $566,800,000.00 $577,400,000.00 $497,700,000.00 $546,800,000.00 $545,700,000.00 $448,700,000.00 $433,500,000.00 $405,700,000.00 $379,000,000.00 $378,800,000.00 $379,600,000.00 $366,200,000.00 $314,500,000.00 $271,400,000.00 $278,500,000.00 $272,800,000.00 $269,400,000.00 $261,100,000.00 $254,800,000.00 $254,400,000.00 $262,900,000.00 $260,300,000.00 $264,800,000.00 $253,500,000.00 $243,300,000.00 $232,500,000.00 $217,300,000.00 $204,800,000.00 $205,200,000.00 $202,000,000.00 $199,900,000.00 $179,500,000.00 $183,300,000.00 $178,300,000.00 -- -- -- $137,500,000.00 -- -- -- -- --
Total Assets $6,186,700,000.00 $6,644,600,000.00 $7,316,300,000.00 $7,547,900,000.00 $7,615,500,000.00 $7,510,700,000.00 $8,246,100,000.00 $8,090,400,000.00 $8,172,300,000.00 $7,882,800,000.00 $8,058,300,000.00 $7,889,800,000.00 $4,862,000,000.00 $3,448,100,000.00 $3,515,000,000.00 $3,432,700,000.00 $3,305,800,000.00 $3,202,700,000.00 $3,398,500,000.00 $3,360,600,000.00 $3,307,800,000.00 $3,259,200,000.00 $3,227,900,000.00 $3,201,400,000.00 $3,149,700,000.00 $3,029,000,000.00 $3,118,500,000.00 $3,008,700,000.00 $3,029,600,000.00 $2,866,000,000.00 $2,674,200,000.00 $2,441,200,000.00 $2,502,300,000.00 $2,328,700,000.00 -- -- -- $2,114,700,000.00 -- -- -- -- --
Accounts Payable $624,700,000.00 $623,500,000.00 $703,700,000.00 $853,400,000.00 $882,100,000.00 $840,200,000.00 $946,400,000.00 $930,900,000.00 $924,500,000.00 $799,000,000.00 $856,400,000.00 $840,600,000.00 $527,900,000.00 $382,300,000.00 $497,700,000.00 $503,800,000.00 $483,400,000.00 $412,700,000.00 $479,800,000.00 $490,500,000.00 $489,800,000.00 $444,300,000.00 $496,300,000.00 $509,700,000.00 $478,800,000.00 $437,400,000.00 $485,000,000.00 $450,700,000.00 $454,600,000.00 $396,100,000.00 $429,500,000.00 $439,600,000.00 $433,800,000.00 $337,100,000.00 -- -- -- $283,600,000.00 -- -- -- -- --
Accrued Liabilities -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Total Current Liabilities $5,794,300,000.00 $5,664,200,000.00 $5,906,700,000.00 $5,975,700,000.00 $6,091,700,000.00 $6,024,400,000.00 $6,407,400,000.00 $6,324,200,000.00 $6,486,300,000.00 $6,342,800,000.00 $6,621,700,000.00 $6,592,700,000.00 $4,226,200,000.00 $2,918,100,000.00 $2,995,000,000.00 $2,975,300,000.00 $2,918,900,000.00 $2,901,200,000.00 $3,171,700,000.00 $3,155,400,000.00 $3,165,500,000.00 $3,145,800,000.00 $3,056,300,000.00 $3,058,000,000.00 $3,066,400,000.00 $2,987,000,000.00 $3,165,300,000.00 $3,110,300,000.00 $3,137,500,000.00 $2,986,800,000.00 $3,171,900,000.00 $2,835,900,000.00 $2,878,700,000.00 $2,748,300,000.00 -- -- -- $2,582,800,000.00 -- -- -- -- --
Long Term Debt -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- $1,579,900,000.00 $1,174,300,000.00 $1,248,700,000.00 $1,180,200,000.00 -- -- -- $1,010,000,000.00 -- -- -- -- --
Additional Paid-in Capital $1,318,500,000.00 $1,313,900,000.00 $1,310,100,000.00 $1,303,800,000.00 $1,298,100,000.00 $1,292,600,000.00 $1,285,500,000.00 $1,278,300,000.00 $1,271,200,000.00 $1,264,600,000.00 $1,258,500,000.00 $1,252,200,000.00 $665,600,000.00 $660,100,000.00 $654,900,000.00 $649,400,000.00 $644,000,000.00 $638,900,000.00 $636,000,000.00 $631,800,000.00 $627,800,000.00 $623,700,000.00 $621,100,000.00 $618,600,000.00 $615,400,000.00 $612,800,000.00 $611,400,000.00 $604,900,000.00 $602,200,000.00 $600,900,000.00 $599,800,000.00 $599,100,000.00 $598,900,000.00 $597,200,000.00 -- -- -- $588,100,000.00 -- -- -- -- --
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- $-338,300,000.00 $-333,900,000.00 $-356,500,000.00 $-365,600,000.00 $-322,300,000.00 $-325,000,000.00 $-296,900,000.00 $-222,900,000.00 $-197,700,000.00 $-202,400,000.00 $-216,200,000.00 $-265,400,000.00 $-282,400,000.00 $-260,300,000.00 $-264,600,000.00 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Accumulated Deficit $-259,800,000.00 $248,600,000.00 $703,000,000.00 $827,200,000.00 $774,700,000.00 $703,500,000.00 $1,065,300,000.00 $1,001,500,000.00 $850,400,000.00 $761,000,000.00 $656,300,000.00 $570,100,000.00 $528,100,000.00 $449,700,000.00 $398,000,000.00 $336,300,000.00 $265,300,000.00 $204,200,000.00 $141,300,000.00 $80,400,000.00 $21,800,000.00 $-31,400,000.00 $-46,900,000.00 $-95,500,000.00 $-147,700,000.00 $-181,300,000.00 $-211,100,000.00 $-242,700,000.00 $-268,500,000.00 $-275,800,000.00 $-595,700,000.00 $-587,600,000.00 $-592,300,000.00 $-643,500,000.00 -- -- -- $-786,300,000.00 -- -- -- -- --
Total Stockholders' Equity $389,800,000.00 $977,600,000.00 $1,406,800,000.00 $1,569,500,000.00 $1,521,300,000.00 $1,483,900,000.00 $1,836,600,000.00 $1,764,200,000.00 $1,682,800,000.00 $1,536,000,000.00 $1,432,800,000.00 $1,293,400,000.00 -- $530,000,000.00 -- -- -- $301,500,000.00 -- -- -- $113,400,000.00 -- -- $83,300,000.00 $33,600,000.00 $-46,800,000.00 $-101,600,000.00 $-107,900,000.00 $-120,800,000.00 $-497,700,000.00 $-394,700,000.00 $-376,400,000.00 $-425,500,000.00 -- -- -- $-479,500,000.00 -- -- -- -- --
Controlling Interest in Subsidiaries $2,600,000.00 $2,800,000.00 $2,800,000.00 $2,700,000.00 $2,500,000.00 $2,400,000.00 $2,100,000.00 $2,000,000.00 $3,200,000.00 $4,000,000.00 $3,800,000.00 $3,700,000.00 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- $5,900,000.00 -- -- -- $11,400,000.00 -- -- -- $300,000.00 $200,000.00
Total Liabilities and Equity $6,186,700,000.00 $6,644,600,000.00 $7,316,300,000.00 $7,547,900,000.00 $7,615,500,000.00 $7,510,700,000.00 $8,246,100,000.00 $8,090,400,000.00 $8,172,300,000.00 $7,882,800,000.00 $8,058,300,000.00 $7,889,800,000.00 $4,862,000,000.00 $3,448,100,000.00 $3,515,000,000.00 $3,432,700,000.00 $3,305,800,000.00 $3,202,700,000.00 $3,398,500,000.00 $3,360,600,000.00 $3,307,800,000.00 $3,259,200,000.00 $3,227,900,000.00 $3,201,400,000.00 $3,149,700,000.00 $3,027,500,000.00 $3,118,500,000.00 $3,008,700,000.00 $3,029,600,000.00 $2,866,000,000.00 $2,674,200,000.00 $2,441,200,000.00 $2,502,300,000.00 $2,328,700,000.00 -- -- -- $2,114,700,000.00 -- -- -- -- --

Statement of Operations

Date 3/31/2020 12/31/2019 9/30/2019 6/30/2019 3/31/2019 12/31/2018 9/30/2018 6/30/2018 3/31/2018 12/31/2017 9/30/2017 6/30/2017 3/31/2017 12/31/2016 9/30/2016 6/30/2016 3/31/2016 12/31/2015 9/30/2015 6/30/2015 3/31/2015 12/31/2014 9/30/2014 6/30/2014 3/31/2014 12/31/2013 9/30/2013 6/30/2013 3/31/2013 12/31/2012 9/30/2012 6/30/2012 3/31/2012 12/31/2011 9/30/2011 6/30/2011 3/31/2011 12/31/2010 9/30/2010 6/30/2010 3/31/2010 12/31/2009 12/31/2008
Total Revenues -- $6,530,900,000.00 -- $1,704,300,000.00 $1,719,200,000.00 $7,270,400,000.00 $5,576,300,000.00 $1,900,900,000.00 $1,858,400,000.00 $6,266,000,000.00 $1,724,400,000.00 $2,807,700,000.00 -- $3,948,000,000.00 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Cost of Revenues -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Gross Profit $195,300,000.00 $902,600,000.00 $719,200,000.00 $470,500,000.00 $222,200,000.00 $1,140,400,000.00 $267,400,000.00 $331,400,000.00 $316,300,000.00 $1,119,100,000.00 $824,800,000.00 $527,100,000.00 $210,700,000.00 $726,100,000.00 $181,200,000.00 $191,400,000.00 $174,000,000.00 $635,400,000.00 $158,300,000.00 $164,500,000.00 $152,800,000.00 $522,800,000.00 $411,600,000.00 $270,900,000.00 $121,900,000.00 $126,900,000.00 $351,800,000.00 $122,200,000.00 $104,300,000.00 $84,000,000.00 $90,700,000.00 $85,800,000.00 $139,200,000.00 $455,100,000.00 $103,500,000.00 $130,500,000.00 $115,400,000.00 $101,600,000.00 $113,900,000.00 $98,900,000.00 $87,300,000.00 $-31,100,000.00 --
Research and Development -- $144,700,000.00 -- -- -- $146,200,000.00 -- -- -- $161,500,000.00 -- -- -- $139,800,000.00 -- -- -- $113,900,000.00 -- -- -- $103,900,000.00 -- -- -- $103,400,000.00 -- -- -- $123,400,000.00 -- -- -- $113,600,000.00 -- -- -- $82,500,000.00 -- -- -- $67,000,000.00 --
Selling, General, and Administrative $90,300,000.00 $364,700,000.00 $92,700,000.00 $182,000,000.00 $90,700,000.00 $385,700,000.00 $288,600,000.00 $192,300,000.00 $97,300,000.00 $390,100,000.00 $102,300,000.00 $186,800,000.00 $82,800,000.00 $319,200,000.00 $235,400,000.00 $155,500,000.00 $75,600,000.00 $277,300,000.00 $204,600,000.00 $70,600,000.00 $68,500,000.00 $255,200,000.00 $64,000,000.00 $61,500,000.00 $57,100,000.00 $238,400,000.00 $57,800,000.00 $60,500,000.00 $59,600,000.00 $243,300,000.00 $60,600,000.00 $117,300,000.00 $61,800,000.00 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Total Operating Expenses -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Loss from Operations $-445,400,000.00 $-301,600,000.00 $109,900,000.00 $119,900,000.00 $94,400,000.00 $106,400,000.00 $500,700,000.00 $366,100,000.00 $175,800,000.00 $543,000,000.00 $148,200,000.00 $246,200,000.00 $111,900,000.00 $380,700,000.00 $311,200,000.00 $111,500,000.00 $98,400,000.00 $358,100,000.00 $271,000,000.00 $178,200,000.00 $84,300,000.00 $267,600,000.00 $229,000,000.00 $87,500,000.00 $64,800,000.00 $240,300,000.00 $67,500,000.00 $61,700,000.00 $44,700,000.00 $156,400,000.00 $30,100,000.00 $30,300,000.00 $77,400,000.00 $223,400,000.00 $174,900,000.00 $71,700,000.00 $58,700,000.00 $204,100,000.00 -- -- -- $-203,800,000.00 --
Loss Before Income Taxes $-497,900,000.00 $-533,000,000.00 $-67,100,000.00 $58,700,000.00 $38,700,000.00 $-113,900,000.00 $75,500,000.00 $260,700,000.00 $107,400,000.00 $340,000,000.00 $246,600,000.00 $154,600,000.00 $85,900,000.00 $299,000,000.00 $79,500,000.00 $168,100,000.00 $76,400,000.00 $272,700,000.00 $75,300,000.00 $133,900,000.00 $62,400,000.00 $176,700,000.00 $155,600,000.00 $104,100,000.00 $40,600,000.00 $86,300,000.00 $73,800,000.00 $36,100,000.00 $4,900,000.00 $31,500,000.00 $51,600,000.00 $58,900,000.00 $52,500,000.00 $138,100,000.00 $24,900,000.00 $47,700,000.00 $38,700,000.00 $118,800,000.00 -- -- -- $-297,100,000.00 --
Earnings Per Share Basic $-4.45 $-4.31 $-0.27 $0.81 $0.36 $-0.51 $0.55 $2.09 $0.78 $0.93 $2.28 $0.59 $1.00 $0.60 $2.48 $0.91 $0.78 $3.03 $0.78 $0.75 $0.69 $0.17 $1.74 $0.67 $0.44 $1.23 $0.84 $0.34 $0.10 $4.21 $-0.11 $0.74 $0.68 $1.91 $0.33 $0.65 $0.51 $1.61 $0.54 $0.36 $0.23 $-4.81 --
Weighted Average Shares Basic 112,700,000 112,300,000 112,500,000 112,200,000 111,900,000 111,600,000 111,600,000 111,500,000 111,400,000 102,300,000 99,200,000 109,300,000 76,600,000 76,400,000 76,400,000 76,500,000 76,200,000 75,900,000 76,000,000 75,800,000 75,800,000 75,700,000 77,400,000 77,200,000 77,000,000 75,200,000 76,900,000 76,800,000 76,200,000 75,300,000 75,200,000 75,100,000 75,000,000 74,900,000 75,400,000 74,500,000 73,700,000 71,500,000 -- -- -- 52,600,000 --
Earnings Per Share Diluted $-4.45 $-4.31 $-1.10 $0.45 $0.36 $-0.51 $0.55 $2.08 $0.78 $3.21 $2.27 $1.51 $0.99 $3.06 $2.47 $0.90 $0.78 $0.81 $2.21 $1.43 $0.68 $1.85 $0.57 $0.67 $0.44 $1.23 $0.84 $0.43 $0.10 $4.87 $-0.11 $0.74 $0.68 $1.89 $0.33 $0.65 $0.50 $1.55 $0.52 $0.34 $0.22 $-4.81 --
Weighted Average Shares Diluted 112,700,000 112,300,000 112,300,000 112,800,000 112,400,000 111,600,000 112,700,000 112,100,000 111,900,000 102,800,000 111,700,000 93,400,000 77,000,000 76,900,000 76,800,000 76,900,000 76,500,000 76,300,000 76,400,000 76,200,000 76,100,000 75,900,000 77,400,000 77,300,000 77,100,000 75,300,000 77,000,000 76,500,000 76,200,000 75,400,000 74,900,000 75,100,000 75,000,000 75,400,000 75,400,000 75,400,000 75,300,000 74,500,000 -- -- -- 52,600,000 --
Common Stock Shares Authorized 150,000,000 150,000,000 150,000,000 150,000,000 150,000,000 150,000,000 150,000,000 150,000,000 150,000,000 150,000,000 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 150,000,000 -- -- -- 150,000,000 -- -- -- -- --
Common Stock Shares Outstanding 113,000,000 112,600,000 112,500,000 112,500,000 112,500,000 111,700,000 111,600,000 111,700,000 111,700,000 111,300,000 -- -- -- 76,500,000 -- -- -- 76,100,000 -- -- -- 75,800,000 -- -- -- 75,600,000 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
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